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New York’s drug possession presumption

We’ve all heard the phrase “guilty by association.” Fortunately, this phrase often doesn’t hold much water in the legal world, as prosecutors oftentimes have to prove that the defendant him or herself committed the crime for which he or she has been charged. Yet, when it comes to drug crimes, New York’s aggressive laws spell out some situations where an individual may be guilty of a crime even when he or she did nothing wrong.

More specifically, New York’s law creates a presumption that all individuals in a vehicle are guilty of possessing a controlled substance if the controlled substance is found in the vehicle. The law does identify some exception. For example, if the controlled substance in question was found on the person of one of the vehicle’s occupants, then the vehicle’s other passengers are not guilty of possession. Likewise, an individual who has been hired as a driver would not be guilty of possession if a controlled substance was found in the vehicle, so long as he or she was acting legally at the time.

This same presumption holds when it comes to having narcotics in a residence or place of business. Under New York law, all individuals who are in close proximity to the drug are presumed to have possessed it, unless the drug is found on the person of another individual, or he or she has a valid and legal reason to possess the controlled substance.

So what does this mean for New Yorkers? It means that they may find themselves in a tough spot when they are accused of possessing an illegal drug. However, regardless of the circumstances, criminal defense options may be available to them. Whether negotiating a plea bargain or litigating the matter in hopes of obtaining an acquittal, discussing the matter with a criminal defense attorney may highlight a legal path that leaves an accused individual where he or she may be able to avoid some or all of the potential penalties he or she faces.

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James L. Riotto
Criminal Defense Lawyer

James L. Riotto is an accomplished criminal defense attorney serving clients in New York. With an extensive background in law enforcement and criminal prosecution, his approach to each case is unique and informed by years of experience with the New York criminal justice system. As a graduate from Albany Law School and before going on to start his own practice, James worked at the Albany County District Attorney's Office, where he helped prosecute many DWI offenses. His inside knowledge of the tactics used to gain convictions provides him with a particular advantage when defending against DUI and other criminal charges.

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Adam Staier
Of Counsel

About Attorney Adam Staier has spent the last seven years practicing criminal defense law throughout upstate New York and the Capital Region. He began his legal career through internships in civil law, indigent legal representation and federal energy law regulation. Finding a passion in criminal law, Mr. Staier held internships handling both prosecution and defense…

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